The political views in the United States of America are dominantly center-right. Here the hopes of change are plenty, but these rarely turn actual. The progressives have critiqued that the popular desire is difficult to realize in the ruling system dominated by two political parties of the country, where success in realization of change is easily outpaced by setbacks.
Such political scenario has been observed in both former President Clinton’s second term and President Obama’s current term. Believed to be a symbol of change, the first black President of America, Barack Obama’s popularity is on decline, primarily because his standpoint on many matters have changed. These changes of stance are usually not personal, but influenced by the views of the Democratic party he represents. A comprehensive bill aiming for the advancement of the immigrant population was his promise from the first term and the priority of the second. Though an executive action had been promised few month before the mid-term election, the President was not able to meet it. This has not been well received by the people, especially the Latino community and others in the minority population.
The defeat of the Democratic Party in the mid-term election can be traced to the dissatisfaction of these minority communities, and their inactivity in the elections. About a million illegal immigrants and their family were long waiting for the relief that would be brought about by the executive action. They believe they have been betrayed by the President.
Immigration has been a mainstay of American politics. The Republicans use anti-immigration propaganda to win elections, usually in the red states where they are in majority. On the other hand, the Democrats also cash on the immigration population to maintain its political majority.
President Obama is facing harsh criticism from Latino and other minority communities because he did not issue the executive action as promised. The support of Latino people for Obama has sharply declined from 49 per cent to 70 per cent according to recent statistics. Likewise the Latino population has not been as involved in the recent mid term election as in the 2008 presidential election and 2012 mid term elections. Most senates, who had pressured President Obama not to issue the executive action, fearing it would cost them the other votes, have faced defeats. The strategy has instead proved to be a tactical failure and exposed the Democrat representatives among the immigrant population.
The Latino and other minority population felt cheated and continued their protest. As a result, their support for the President dropped to 49 per cent. In contrast, in the 2012 presidential elections Obama had received 71 percent of minority support while Republican Party representative Mitt Romney had received only 21 per cent. The strategy of the traditional minded Democratic representatives to withhold the executive order as an election strategy has affected Obama in concurrence with the minority population being affected by his decision. This is because postponding the executive order did no good. Rather, previous winners like Senator Mark Udall of Colorado and Kay Hagan of North Carolina faced shameful defeats.
The President’s Party has lost the majority in the upper senate and the Republicans have maintained their majority in the lower house. Obama and his party is experiencing difficult political situation becaue of unwise handling of the immigration issue. Meanwhile, the opposition Republican Party have achieved majority in both houses for the first time after the Second World War.
What will the rest of the Presidential term look like?
It is almost certain that the remaining two years term for the President will be difficult and unproductive. The President will be helpless with the Republican majority in both houses. The Republicans will continue to repeal the ‘Obama Care’ as they have done before. Likewise they will also stress on reducing the social care and ecomomic relief for middle class citizens.
What will happen to the Immigrant bill proposed by the Gang of Eight in 2012?
The Comprehensive Advancement Bill as termed by the majority and the mainstream media will be dead. The topic of immigration will remain important till the 2016 Presidential election in the mainstream American politics. However, Obama is will most certainly bring out the partial or temporary solution with the executive order. Obama has taken responsibility for the loss in the elections, accepting the popular votes. He says he will try to coordinate with the Republicans in both houses. In an address to the American People, he has repeated that he will be bringing out the immigration advancement bill in few days as promised. Obama said he is issuing the executive action because the comprehensive immigration bill passed by the senate in 2012 has not been brought to discussion in the Congress. This will provide relief to about 12 million illegal immigrants living in fear and uncertainty. According to the President, if the congress passes the bill in its 114th session, the executive action will be replaced by that bill. He stresses that he is all mind and heart for the support of the immigrants. He looked confident and fearless when he said so.
The above news was released by AFP, Buzzfeed, The Hill and Univision few days before the elections. According to the sources, Obama will be issuing the executive order within ten days after the completion of the midterm elections and he will have no more option to address the issue of immigration. Obama will also be ending his presidential term as President Clinton, providing the immigrants with a small gift. Congressman Luis Guiterrez who had been working with Obama about the immigration issue satirically reminded the President that the hour after the elections end at 9 is considered as the start of a new day, drawing the attention of the President to the executive order again.
What will the shape of the Executive Order look like?
According to the latest update, the executive order brought under the constitutional power of the President will provide temporary relief to about 4 million immigrants. They will be protected from deportation and granted work permission.
The parents of citizens who do not have immigration rights and immigrants who have been staying with their children in the country for a long time will be given first priority. Those under the classification should have stayed in America for at least 10 years. Parents of children under 2012 Differed Action for Childhood Arrivals might also be included in the targetted group. Immigrants working in farms will also be specially prioritized.
Since the political aggregation of the Parties is complicated and the Democrats lost the majority in both houses, this is all Obama can do. If the President can learn lesson from the past and bring the executive order, he will receive accoloades from the Latino and minority communities. This is important both from the perspectives of policy and politics. After all the debate about the immigrants is a political game for both parties, which starts before elections and end sometime after it.
[The article discusses the recent defeat of the Democratic Party in the midterm elections and its connection to the Executive Order that was about to be brought by President Obama. The decision to withold the Executive Order hurt the Democratic elections campaign. The Republicans have earned majority in both the Congress and the Senate. Obama has taken responsibility for the defeat and is preparing to issue the Executive Order. ]